GFSC Awards Grants: Two grants totalling $40,000 have been awarded for collaborative interdisciplinary research on topics of global food security.
"Determination of lipopolysaccharide involvement in climate-induced infertility" by Aileen Keating, Jason Ross and Lance Baumgard. "Climate change, and heat stress in particular, causes anovulation, decreases conception rates and compromises the ability to maintain pregnancy in agriculturally important animals. Consequently, porcine reproductive dysfunction during thermal stress represents a worldwide food security issue. Globally, heat stress is the primary factor limiting efficient animal protein production for human consumption, and the deleterious effects of heat stress on reproduction are difficult to mitigate because information on the causative mechanism(s) is scant. Additionally, as climate change continues and because genetic selection for rapid lean tissue accretion reduces tolerance to elevated ambient temperatures, seasonal infertility will become a larger impediment to global food security. Furthermore, the deleterious consequences of heat stress are more severe in the some of the most food insecure regions of the world. Our long term goal is to acquire a thorough understanding of the physiological perturbations occurring in the ovary during heat stress since this is a prerequisite for developing mitigation strategies to ameliorate seasonal infertility."
"The Interface between High-value Cash Crop and Food Security for Subsistence Coffee Farmers in Southwest Ethiopia" by Yalem Teshome and John Beghin. "Coffee is Ethiopia’s largest export crop and an estimated number of 15 million people depend on this commodity for their livelihood in Ethiopia. Coffee is a high-value cash crop generating income opportunities, even for small-scale farmers. However, coffee growers face complex challenges to reach markets, with volatile prices, natural shocks, and food insecurity from lack of income diversification. The objective of the project is to explore and generate new knowledge on the dynamic interface between this cash-crop income opportunity and food security for subsistence households in Southwest Ethiopia. The research examines rural livelihoods, food security, and farming practices, accounting for the potential vulnerability induced by volatile prices, constrained diversification, natural shocks, and challenges to participate in markets."
GFSC is accepting proposals for collaborative interdisciplinary research on topics of global food security. Open to anyone. One member of the principal research team must be a GFSC member. For more information.
Proposals for this round are now closed.